About this Test
Does cancer run in the family? Do you want a genetic test that can confirm whether you carry certain hereditary cancer genes? If your answer to these questions is “Yes” then our cancer test is probably the right test for you. This genetic predisposition test for cancer will establish your genetic susceptibility to 92 different cancers by analyzing specific inherited mutations in your genes. The complete 92 panel test is offered at XXXXXX and results are ready in 6-9 weeks from receipt of samples.
Why is this Test Important?
A genetic test is the only way you have of confirming whether or not your carry certain, hereditary genes which are directly responsible for certain cancers. The genetic predisposition test for cancer is a powerful tool that can help you reduce your risks or undertake measures that will help you detect any cancers as early as possible.
Cancers can grow very quickly and even spread to other organs (a process known as metastasization); cancers that have grown or spread are more difficult to treat and patients at higher risk should be examined more frequently. But how can you know if you are at higher risk if you don’t undertake a genetic test?
Nipping the problem at an early stage dramatically increases the chances of success. Low awareness of cancer signs and symptoms can mean that people don’t see a doctor or specialist early enough which could delay a diagnosis.
What are the Risk Factors for Hereditary Cancers?
- Family history of cancers.
- Cancer at a young age.
- Having 2 or more cancers developing in an individual.
- Having a cancer develop in both pairs of an organ (ex. both breasts).
Note: You can only take this test through a health professional.
Whether you take this test or not is an entirely personal choice. However, if you do decide to take this test, you will need to involve your doctor or genetic counsellor. Results for your cancer test will be sent directly to your specialist.
Collecting Samples for your Cancer Panel Test
Samples for your cancer panel test are collected using mouth swabs (also referred to as buccal swabs). These swabs are much like cotton buds in appearance but have a cotton tip on just one end of a long stick. Rubbing a swab inside the mouth creates the little friction needed to collect loose dead cells which attach themselves easily, along with saliva, to the cotton on the swab. Our sample collection kit contains all you need to successfully complete sample collection including; mouth swabs, instructions, forms and pre-addressed envelopes for return of samples.
Common Questions about Cancer
What is cancer?
Cancer is a condition which leads to an uncontrolled division of cells in the body (in other words, the cells begin to divide and multiply in numbers without stopping). The cancer itself is caused by an abnormal gene function.
Which cancer genes do you test for?
The full list of genes we test for can be found by clicking here.
What percentage of cancers is caused by an inherited gene?
Around 5-10% of all cancers are hereditary in nature. It is important to note that what you inherit is not the cancer but a gene mutation which is linked to a certain cancer and increases your chances of developing the cancer in question when compared to someone who does not carry the mutated gene.
Your test confirms I have a particular cancer gene. Does this mean I will get it?
No, the fact that you have inherited a specific cancer gene does not mean you are going to develop cancer.
Your test confirms I do not carry a certain cancer gene. Does this mean I will not get it?
No, our test specifically looks for inherited gene mutations which are associated with an increased risk of a specific type of cancer. Different genes mutations can be implicated in the same type of cancer which means that even if you do not have a hereditary gene, you can still develop that type of cancer. Healthy genes can become defective sporadically due to for example, environmental factors. You can think of, as an example, the way in which smoking can alter the lung tissue and damage our DNA, resulting in lung cancer. This damage to the DNA can impact the cells’ ability to grow and multiply. 70-80% of all cancers are not in fact, hereditary.
Do you have any other genetic predisposition testing services?
We offer a genetic health test which tests for your genetic susceptibility of 34 different diseases from 5 disease categories such as cancers, cardiovascular, old age diseases and diseases of the eyes.